Archetype, prototype and hybrid show progression of design. For designs to be complete, there are many steps and ideas that need to be taken into consideration. An example of a design process that we created in Design Studio was the progression of the black and white project from a three dimensional design model to drawings to more abstract models to a final, best developed model. Another example, related to Design Theory and Design is the progression of Greek architecture with composite columns being a hybrid, doric columns being a prototype and then the Parthenon making up the compete archetype, or final design.
archetype : ideal (becomes greatly recognizable)
definition: the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form (dictionary.com)
prototype : what gets you to there
definition: something analogous to another thing of a later period (dictionary.com)
hybrid : after
definition: anything derived from heterogeneous sources, or composed of elements of different or incongruous kinds (dictionary.com)
definition: any thing or place from which something comes, arises, or is obtained ; origin (dictionary.com)
Sources are everywhere. Everything originates, making it a source. The main piece of source that we studied was how transition from Greek architecture traveled to Rome in fifth century BC. Robbie G. Blakemore mentions a lot of the similarities, differences and influences of Greek and Roman architecture in his "History of Interior Design and Furniture". He mentions how the Romans first continued to use the post and lintel construction system of the Greeks, however, the purpose of the columns differed between them. The Greeks used columns strictly for structural purposes, whereas the Romans also used it for decoration. The way in which the Greeks and Romans constructed furniture was connected. Although the Greeks were concerned with form and proportion and the Romans focused more on ostentatious display, both incorporated the arch. The main different between Greek and Roman architecture is that the Greek buildings overtake other aspects of nature while the Romans kept elements of the natural landscape. The Greeks influenced other cultures more than anyone else.
definition: a group of attendants or associates ; the landscaping and other nearby environmental features shown on a rendering of a building (dictionary.com)
::PEOPLE WITHIN A SPACE::
In Design Drawing, we learned about entourages and have done multiple exercises in the past week and a half practicing techniques with watercolor. These three entourages, however, are black and white. They are from the twelve thumbnails I sketched of the Ferguson building for a Perception and Communication project. What makes these scenes entourages are the people and some personal touches. In each of the sketches there are people and plants and furniture. The first entourage I drew at the door of the auditorium on the first floor of Ferguson. It was at the beginning of a class as people began filing in to sit down. The second entourage was in a hallway on the second floor. I captured a professor that had walked out of one of the classrooms to complete my sketch. Then the third entourage is in the lobby on the second floor. A student was relaxing on one of the couches passing time or waiting for a fellow student. In each of the quick drawings, I used different drawing techniques such as cross hatching, depth with size (scale) and perspective.
definition: the power or dominion ; any system of persons or things ranked one above another (dictionary.com)
Hierarchy is a huge piece of early architecture. Socially, one's social status can be revealed by their furniture. Basically, the bigger the better. For example a high back resembles a higher society than someone is a lower or no back on a piece of furniture. The importance of height and high status connects to the pyramids as the tallest and most vertical pyramids or buildings were more important as they were closer to heaven and usually for important Kings. The wu-wu is also another representation of hierarchy as the bigger and taller the structure, the more empire on has, is a land-marker for everyone to see and is masculine. The example that I portrayed in this week's blog corresponds with the Greek's use of porch, court and hearth, where they are placed and the size of each structure. In Athens, the Acropolis is a great example of hierarchy. The Parthenon, which is the most important building in ancient Greece, is the biggest and placed on the highest spot of the Acropolis. The building is surrounded by large doric columns. In contrast to the Parthenon is the Athena Nike, which is a tiny building at the top of Acropolis at the gate of the Parthenon. Instead of large doric columns all around the structure like the Parthenon, the Athena Nike has four smaller ionic columns on the front and back of the structure.
definition: a condition in which each thing is properly disposed with reference to other things and to its purpose ; the disposition of things following one after another (dictionary.com)
The main lesson on order this week involved the order of Greek columns:
tuscan [simplest -------------------->complicated]
tuscan is the simplest column form
doric is the more feminine column
ionic is the more masculine of the columns
corinthian is the "slender male" version
composite is a combination of the male and female in a complex form
I illustrated all of the Greek column forms that were later borrowed by the Romans and future architecture producers that present the surface (decoration) rather than structure of the shape.
[IN SUMMARY] ... although each word can be manipulated and apply to different subject matters, I feel a majority of the meanings of these words pertained best to Design Theory and History. All the words are concepts included in architecture and the way human structures are built from early years to the present day. Every structure deals with an archetype, prototype and hybrid as they show progression of design. For the process to develop, sources and ways of design must travel. This is why it was important for design and architectural styles to transfer across continents and around the world. Entourage, according to interior architecture, can be viewed either as a drawing technique or in history sense, it involves the study of people in a space. Spaces that people occupy are also judged by their importance or hierarchy. Hierarchy can be revealed by the order of buildings such as the hearth, court and porch in Greek architecture. In any of the Greek forms, order is also considered with one example being the order of the columns. Architecture is complex but this week, it was all broken down.